One of the branches of decorative handicrafts of Iran is called Negārgarī or ‘Miniature’ which the latter term means a microcosmic nature. In the Iranian art of miniature, however, the nature is not depicted as in photos or pictures, but rather is drawn according to the artist’s will and taste. In the past the drawing apparatus including the brushes and colors were made and prepared by the artist himself. The brushes were made of cats’ or sables’ fur and the colors were taken from plants and mineral substances. Nowadays the art of Negārgarī has evolved and become more modern; the schools of Shiraz and Harāt have contributed to this transformation with their outstanding and distinctive features. One of the most distinguished artists of Iranian miniature and a national glory is Mahmūd Farshchīān, whose artistic, inventive and characteristic methods and masterpieces are well-known all over the world.